It’s hard to find people who aren’t polarized on the issue of hydraulic fracturing or “fracking,” a process used to extract natural gas from shale rock thousands of feet beneath the Earth’s surface. Millions of gallons of water, sand and chemicals are injected underground and natural gas escapes through cracks and fissures in the shale.
Humans have carelessly moved thousands of species outside their native ranges through activities such as transfer of ballast water, release of pets and bait, movement of untreated wood, escapes from agriculture and aquaculture, and deliberate release of species that we thought to be beneficial.
On October 10th-14th, more than a hundred scientists from twenty-four countries will meet at Lake Sunapee to discuss freshwater lakes and reservoirs, including what can be done to keep them healthy in the face of population growth and competing demands.
We ecologists take a lot of flack for always having depressing news to report. It's not often we get to say there is good news on the environmental front, but those of us concerned with air pollution have certainly had reasons to smile this summer.