Publications

The Institute communicates its scientific and educational information in a number of ways. One major outlet is peer-reviewed publications and reports.  Cary Institute staff regularly publish in the best-rated journals in their respective fields.

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Journal Article
M. L. Pace, S. R. Carpenter, R. A. Johnson, and J. T. Kurtzweil, “Zooplankton provide early warnings of a regime shift in a whole lake manipulation”, Limnology and Oceanography, vol. 58, no. 2, p. 525 - 532, 2013.
M. L. Pace, et al., “Whole lake carbon-13 additions reveal terrestrial support of aquatic food webs”, Nature, vol. 427, p. 240-243, 2004.
G. M. Wilkinson, S. R. Carpenter, J. J. Cole, and M. L. Pace, “Use of deep autochthonous resources by zooplankton: Results of a metalimnetic addition of 13C to a small lake”, Limnology and Oceanography, vol. 59, no. 3, p. 986 - 996, 2014.
S. R. Carpenter, J. J. Cole, J. F. Kitchell, and M. L. Pace, “Trophic cascades revealed in diverse ecosystems”, Trends Ecol. Evol., vol. 14, p. 483-488, 1999.
S. R. Carpenter, et al., “Trophic cascades, nutrients and lake productivity: experimental enrichment of lakes with contrasting food webs”, Ecol. Monogr., vol. 71, p. 163-186, 2001.
M. L. Pace, J. J. Cole, and S. R. Carpenter, “Trophic cascades and compensation: differential responses of microzooplankton in whole lake experiments”, Ecology, vol. 79, p. 138-152, 1998.
G. M. Wilkinson, S. R. Carpenter, J. J. Cole, M. L. Pace, and C. Yang, “Terrestrial support of pelagic consumers: patterns and variability revealed by a multilake study”, Freshwater Biology, p. n/a - n/a, 2013.
C. T. Solomon, et al., “Terrestrial, benthic, and pelagic resource use in lakes: results from a three-isotope Bayesian mixing model”, Ecology, vol. 92, p. 1115-1125, 2011.
C. T. Solomon, S. R. Carpenter, J. J. Cole, and M. L. Pace, “Support of benthic invertebrates by detrital resources and current autochthonous primary production: Results from a whole-lake C-13 addition”, Freshwater Biol., vol. 53, p. 42-54, 2008.
J. J. Cole, S. R. Carpenter, J. F. Kitchell, M. L. Pace, C. T. Solomon, and B. C. Weidel, “Strong evidence for terrestrial support of zooplankton in small lakes based on stable isotopes of carbon, nitrogen, and hydrogen”, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., vol. 108, p. 1975-1980, 2011.
M. C. Van de Bogert, et al., “Spatial heterogeneity strongly affects estimates of ecosystem metabolism in two north temperate lakes”, Limnology and Oceanography, vol. 57, no. 6, p. 1689 - 1700, 2012.
D. L. Bade, et al., “Sources and fates of dissolved organic carbon in lakes as determined by whole-lake carbon isotope additions”, Biogeochemistry, vol. 84, p. 115-129, 2007.
K. L. Cottingham, S. E. Knight, S. R. Carpenter, J. J. Cole, M. L. Pace, and A. E. Wagner, “Response of phytoplankton and bacteria to nutrients and zooplankton: a mesocosm experiment”, J. Plank. Res., vol. 19, p. 995-1010, 1997.
R. D. Batt, et al., “Resources supporting the food web of a naturally productive lake”, Limnology and Oceanography, vol. 57, no. 5, p. 1443 - 1452, 2012.
S. R. Carpenter, J. J. Cole, J. F. Kitchell, and M. L. Pace, “Predicting responses of chlorophyll and primary production to changes in phosphorus, grazing, and dissolved organic carbon (Reply to comment by Nurnberg)”, Limnol. Oceanogr., vol. 44, p. 1179-1182, 1999.
S. R. Carpenter, J. J. Cole, J. F. Kitchell, and M. L. Pace, “Persistence of net heterotrophy in lakes during nutrient addition and food web manipulations”, Limnol. Oceanogr., vol. 45, p. 1718-1730, 2000.
D. L. Christensen, et al., “Pelagic responses to changes in dissolved organic carbon following division of a seepage lake”, Limnol. Oceanogr., vol. 41, p. 553-559, 1996.
S. R. Carpenter, J. J. Cole, J. F. Kitchell, and M. L. Pace, “Pathways of organic carbon utilization in small lakes: Results from a whole-lake 13C addition and coupled model”, Limnol. Oceanogr., vol. 47, p. 1664-1675, 2002.
S. R. Carpenter, N. F. Caraco, D. L. Correll, R. W. Howarth, A. N. Sharpley, and V. H. Smith, “Nonpoint pollution of surface waters with phosphorus and nitrogen”, Issues Ecol., vol. 3, p. 1-12, 1998.
S. R. Carpenter, N. F. Caraco, D. L. Correll, R. W. Howarth, A. N. Sharpley, and V. H. Smith, “Nonpoint pollution of surface waters with phosphorus and nitrogen”, Ecol. Appl., vol. 8, p. 559-568, 1998.
S. R. Carpenter, W. A. Brock, J. J. Cole, and M. L. Pace, “A new approach for rapid detection of nearby thresholds in ecosystem time series”, Oikos, vol. 123, no. 3, p. 290 - 297, 2013.
S. R. Carpenter, W. A. Brock, J. J. Cole, J. F. Kitchell, and M. L. Pace, “Leading indicators of trophic cascades”, Ecol. Lett., vol. 11, p. 128-138, 2008.
S. R. Carpenter, W. A. Brock, J. J. Cole, and M. L. Pace, “Leading indicators of phytoplankton transitions caused by resource competition”, Theoretical Ecology, vol. 2, p. 139-148, 2009.
D. E. Schindler, S. R. Carpenter, J. J. Cole, J. F. Kitchell, and M. L. Pace, “Influence of food web structure on carbon exchange between lakes and the atmosphere”, Science, vol. 277, p. 248-251, 1997.
S. R. Carpenter, J. J. Cole, J. F. Kitchell, and M. L. Pace, “Impact of dissolved organic carbon, phosphorus and grazing on phytoplankton biomass and production in experimental lakes”, Limnol. Oceanogr., vol. 43, p. 73-80, 1998.

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