Publications

The Institute communicates its scientific and educational information in a number of ways. One major outlet is peer-reviewed publications and reports.  Cary Institute staff regularly publish in the best-rated journals in their respective fields.

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Journal Article
J. E. Hickman, et al., “Nonlinear response of nitric oxide fluxes to fertilizer inputs and the impacts of agricultural intensification on tropospheric ozone pollution in Kenya”, Global Change Biology, vol. 23, no. 8, p. 3193 - 3204, 2017.
P. M. Groffman, et al., “Nor gloom of night: A new conceptual model for the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study”, BioScience, vol. 54, p. 139-148, 2004.
L. E. McPhillips, P. M. Groffman, R. Schneider, and T. M. Walter, “Nutrient Cycling in Grassed Roadside Ditches and Lawns in a Suburban Watershed”, Journal of Environment Quality, vol. 45, no. 6, p. 1901, 2016.
T. J. Fahey, J. B. Yavitt, R. E. Sherman, P. M. Groffman, and G. Wang, “Partitioning of belowground C in young sugar maple forest”, Plant and Soil, vol. 367, no. 1-2, p. 379 - 389, 2013.
A. J. Gold, P. A. Jacinthe, P. M. Groffman, and R. H. Puffer, “Patchiness in groundwater nitrate removal in a riparian forest”, J. Environ. Qual., vol. 27, p. 146-155, 1998.
P. A. Jacinthe, P. M. Groffman, A. J. Gold, and A. R. Mosier, “Patchiness in microbial nitrogen transformations in groundwater in a riparian forest”, J. Environ. Qual., vol. 27, p. 156-164, 1998.
E. R. Suárez, T. J. Fahey, J. B. Yavitt, P. M. Groffman, and P. J. Bohlen, “Patterns of litter disappearance in a northern hardwood forest invaded by exotic earthworms”, Ecol. Appl., vol. 16, p. 154-165, 2006.
P. M. Groffman and M. C. Fisk, “Phosphate additions have no effect on microbial biomass and activity in a northern hardwood forest”, Soil Biol. Biochem., vol. 43, p. 2441-2449, 2011.
S. Duan, S. S. Kaushal, P. M. Groffman, L. E. Band, and K. T. Belt, “Phosphorus export across an urban to rural gradient in the Chesapeake Bay watershed”, J. Geophys. Res - Biogeosciences, vol. 117, 2012.
T. L. E. Trammell, et al., “Plant nitrogen concentration and isotopic composition in residential lawns across seven US cities”, Oecologia, vol. 181, no. 1, p. 271 - 285, 2016.
P. M. Groffman and C. L. Turner, “Plant productivity and nitrogen gas fluxes in tallgrass prairie”, Landscape Ecol., vol. 10, p. 255-266, 1995.
D. A. Frank and P. M. Groffman, “Plant rhizospheric N processes: what we don't know and why we should care”, Ecology, vol. 90, 2009.
P. J. Bohlen, P. M. Groffman, T. J. Fahey, C. T. Driscoll, and T. G. Siccama, “Plant-soil-microbial interactions in a northern hardwood forest”, Ecology, vol. 82, p. 965-978, 2001.
J. E. Hickman, K. L. Tully, P. M. Groffman, W. Diru, and C. A. Palm, “A potential tipping point in tropical agriculture: Avoiding rapid increases in nitrous oxide fluxes from agricultural intensification in Kenya”, Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, vol. 120, no. 5, p. 938 - 951, 2015.
J. Gao, et al., “Preliminary results from monitoring of stream nitrogen concentrations, denitrification, and nitrification potentials in an urbanizing watershed in Xiamen, southeast China”, International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, vol. 20, no. 3, p. 223 - 230, 2013.
M. M. R. Jahangir, P. Johnston, K. Addy, M. I. Khalil, P. M. Groffman, and K. G. Richards, “Quantification of In Situ Denitrification Rates in Groundwater Below an Arable and a Grassland System”, Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, vol. 224, no. 9, 2013.
M. V. Kulkarni, J. B. Yavitt, and P. M. Groffman, “Rapid Conversion of Added Nitrate to Nitrous Oxide and Dinitrogen in Northern Forest Soil”, Geomicrobiology Journal, vol. 34, no. 8, p. 670 - 676, 2017.
A. J. Reisinger, E. J. Rosi, H. A. Bechtold, T. R. Doody, S. S. Kaushal, and P. M. Groffman, “Recovery and resilience of urban stream metabolism following Superstorm Sandy and other floods”, Ecosphere, vol. 8, no. 4, p. e01776, 2017.
P. Sorensen, et al., “Reduced snow cover alters root-microbe interactions and decreases nitrification rates in a northern hardwood forest”, Ecology, vol. 97, no. 12, p. 3359 - 3368, 2016.
W. J. Mitsch, et al., “Reducing nitrogen loading to the Gulf of Mexico from the Mississippi River basIn: strategies to counter a persistent ecological problem”, BioScience, vol. 51, p. 373-388, 2001.
L. H. Pardo, P. H. Templer, C. L. Goodale, S. Duke, P. M. Groffman, and G. M. Lovett, “Regional assessment of N saturation using foliar and root delta N-15”, Biogeochemistry, vol. 80, p. 143-171, 2006.
P. M. Groffman, J. M. Tiedje, D. L. Mokma, and S. M. Simkin, “Regional scale estimates of denitrification in north temperate forest soils”, Landscape Ecol., vol. 7, p. 45-53, 1992.
G. V. Voos and P. M. Groffman, “Relationships between microbial biomass and dissipation of 2,4-D and dicamba in soil”, Biol. Fertil. Soils, vol. 24, p. 106-110, 1997.
E. Zaady, P. M. Groffman, and M. Shachak, “Release and consumption of nitrogen from snail feces in Negev desert soils”, Biol. Fertil. Soils, vol. 23, p. 399-405, 1996.
P. M. Groffman, et al., “Restarting the conversation: Challenges at the interface between ecology and society”, Front. Ecol. Environ., vol. 8, p. 284-291, 2010.

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