The Institute communicates its scientific and educational information in a number of ways. One major outlet is peer-reviewed publications and reports.  Cary Institute staff regularly publish in the best-rated journals in their respective fields.

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L. Claessens, C. L. Tague, L. E. Band, P. M. Groffman, and S. T. Kenworthy, “Hydro-ecological linkages in urbanizing watersheds: An empirical assessment of in-stream nitrate loss and evidence of saturation kinetics”, J. Geophys. Res.-Biogeo, vol. 114, p. Art.No.G04016, 2009.
K. N. Hopfensperger, C. M. Gault, and P. M. Groffman, “Influence of plant communities and soil properties on trace gas fluxes in riparian northern hardwood forests”, For. Ecol. Manage, vol. 258, p. 2076-2082, 2009.
R. V. Pouyat, M. M. Carreiro, P. M. Groffman, and M. A. Pavao-Zuckerman, “Investigative approaches to urban biogeochemical cycles: New York metropolitan area and Baltimore as case studies.”, in M. J. McDonnell, J. Breuste, and A. K. Hahs (eds.). Ecology of Cities and Towns: A Comparative Approach, 2009, p. 329-351.
P. M. Groffman and R. V. Pouyat, “Methane uptake in urban forests and lawns”, Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 43, p. 5229-5235, 2009.
P. M. Groffman, E. A. Davidson, and S. P. Seitzinger, “New approaches to modeling denitrification”, Biogeochemistry, vol. 93, p. 1-5, 2009.
P. M. Groffman, C. O. Williams, R. V. Pouyat, L. E. Band, and I. D. Yesilonis, “Nitrate leaching and nitrous oxide flux in urban forests and grasslands”, J. Environ. Qual., vol. 38, p. 1848-1860, 2009.
C. A. Klocker, S. S. Kaushal, P. M. Groffman, P. M. Mayer, and R. P. Morgan, “Nitrogen uptake and denitrification in restored and unrestored streams in urban Maryland, USA”, Aquat. Sci., vol. 71, p. 411-424, 2009.
D. A. Frank and P. M. Groffman, “Plant rhizospheric N processes: what we don't know and why we should care”, Ecology, vol. 90, 2009.
G. A. Blazejewski, M. H. Stolt, A. J. Gold, N. P. Gurwick, and P. M. Groffman, “Spatial Distribution of Carbon in the Subsurface of Riparian Zones”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., vol. 73, p. 1733-1740, 2009.
K. Szlavecz, et al., “Urban soil fauna and ecosystem services: examples from the Baltimore Ecosystem Study”, J. Nematology, vol. 41, p. 383-384, 2009.
S. T. A. Pickett, et al., “Beyond urban legends: An emerging framework of urban ecology, as illustrated by the Baltimore Ecosystem Study”, BioScience, vol. 58, p. 139-150, 2008.
N. B. Grimm, et al., “The changing landscape: Ecosystem responses to urbanization and pollution across climatic and societal gradients”, Front. Ecol. Environ., vol. 6, p. 264-272, 2008.
N. L. Cleavitt, T. J. Fahey, P. M. Groffman, J. P. Hardy, K. S. Henry, and C. T. Driscoll, “Effects of soil freezing on fine roots in a northern hardwood forest”, Can. J. For. Res., vol. 38, p. 82-91, 2008.
S. S. Kaushal, P. M. Groffman, P. M. Mayer, E. A. Striz, and A. J. Gold, “Effects of stream restoration on denitrification in an urbanizing watershed”, Ecol. Appl., vol. 18, p. 789-804, 2008.
M. L. Cadenasso, et al., “Exchanges across land-water-scape boundaries in urban systems: Strategies for reducing nitrate pollution”, in R. S. Ostfeld and W. H. Schlesinger (eds.). The Year in Ecology and Conservation Biology. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1134, 2008, p. 213-232.
J. M. Steinweg, M. C. Fisk, B. McAlexander, P. M. Groffman, and J. P. Hardy, “Experimental snowpack reduction alters organic matter and net N mineralization potential of soil macroaggregates in a northern hardwood forest”, Biology and Fertility of Soils, vol. 45, p. 1-10, 2008.
S. S. Kaushal, et al., “Interaction between urbanization and climate variability amplifies watershed nitrate export in Maryland”, Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 42, p. 5872-5878, 2008.
D. P. C. Peters, et al., “Living in an increasingly connected world: a framework for continental-scale environmental science”, Front. Ecol. Environ., vol. 6, p. 229-237, 2008.
N. P. Gurwick, P. M. Groffman, J. B. Yavitt, A. J. Gold, G. A. Blazejewski, and M. H. Stolt, “Microbially available carbon in buried riparian soils in a glaciated landscape”, Soil Biol. Biochem., vol. 40, p. 85-96, 2008.
N. P. Gurwick, D. M. McCorkle, P. M. Groffman, A. J. Gold, D. Q. Kellogg, and P. Seitz-Rundlett, “Mineralization of ancient carbon in the subsurface of riparian forests”, J. Geophys. Res., vol. 113, p. Art.No.G02021, 2008.
P. M. Groffman, “Nitrogen balances at ecosystem, landscape, regional and global scales”, in J. Schepers and W. Raun (eds). Nitrogen in Agricultural Soils, 2008, p. 731-758.
S. M. Raciti, P. M. Groffman, and T. J. Fahey, “Nitrogen retention in urban lawns and forests”, Ecol. Appl., vol. 18, p. 1615-1626, 2008.
M. Zaman, M. L. Nguyen, A. J. Gold, P. M. Groffman, D. Q. Kellogg, and R. J. Wilcock, “Nitrous oxide generation, denitrification, and nitrate removal in a seepage wetland intercepting surface and subsurface flows from a grazed dairy catchment”, Austral. J. Soil. Res., vol. 46, p. 565-577, 2008.
D. Q. Kellogg, A. J. Gold, P. M. Groffman, M. H. Stolt, and K. Addy, “Riparian ground-water flow patterns using flownet analysis: Evapotranspiration-induced upwelling and implications for N removal”, J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc, vol. 44, p. 1024-1034, 2008.
M. V. Kulkarni, P. M. Groffman, and J. B. Yavitt, “Solving the global nitrogen problem: It’s a gas!”, Front. Ecol. Environ., vol. 6, p. 199-206, 2008.


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