The Institute communicates its scientific and educational information in a number of ways. One major outlet is peer-reviewed publications and reports.  Cary Institute staff regularly publish in the best-rated journals in their respective fields.

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Journal Article
P. M. Groffman, N. Law, K. T. Belt, L. E. Band, and G. T. Fisher, “Nitrogen fluxes and retention in urban watershed ecosystems”, Ecosystems, vol. 7, p. 393-403, 2004.
R. T. Venterea, P. M. Groffman, L. V. Verchot, A. H. Magill, J. D. Aber, and P. A. Steudler, “Nitrogen oxide gas emissions from temperate forest soils receiving long-term nitrogen inputs”, Global Change Biol., vol. 9, p. 346-357, 2003.
C. T. Driscoll, et al., “Nitrogen pollution in the northeastern United States: Sources, effects and management options”, BioScience, vol. 53, p. 357-374, 2003.
C. T. Driscoll, et al., “Nitrogen pollution: Sources and consequences in the U.S. northeast”, Environment, vol. 45, p. 9-22, 2003.
P. M. Groffman, A. M. Dorsey, and P. M. Mayer, “Nitrogen processing within geomorphic features in urban streams”, J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc., vol. 24, p. 613-625, 2005.
S. M. Raciti, P. M. Groffman, and T. J. Fahey, “Nitrogen retention in urban lawns and forests”, Ecol. Appl., vol. 18, p. 1615-1626, 2008.
L. Morillas, et al., “Nitrogen supply modulates the effect of changes in drying-rewetting frequency on soil C and N cycling and greenhouse gas exchange”, Global Change Biology, vol. 21, no. 10, p. 3854 - 3863, 2015.
F. Soper, T. W. Boutton, P. M. Groffman, and J. Sparks, “Nitrogen trace gas fluxes from a semiarid subtropical savanna under woody legume encroachment”, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 30, no. 5, p. 614 - 628, 2016.
C. A. Klocker, S. S. Kaushal, P. M. Groffman, P. M. Mayer, and R. P. Morgan, “Nitrogen uptake and denitrification in restored and unrestored streams in urban Maryland, USA”, Aquat. Sci., vol. 71, p. 411-424, 2009.
M. Zaman, M. L. Nguyen, A. J. Gold, P. M. Groffman, D. Q. Kellogg, and R. J. Wilcock, “Nitrous oxide generation, denitrification, and nitrate removal in a seepage wetland intercepting surface and subsurface flows from a grazed dairy catchment”, Austral. J. Soil. Res., vol. 46, p. 565-577, 2008.
P. M. Groffman, A. J. Gold, and P. A. Jacinthe, “Nitrous oxide production in riparian zones and groundwater”, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol. 52, p. 179-186, 1998.
P. M. Groffman, A. J. Gold, and K. Addy, “Nitrous oxide production in riparian zones and its importance to national emission inventories”, Chemosphere - Global Change Sci., vol. 2, p. 291-299, 2000.
P. M. Groffman, et al., “Nor gloom of night: A new conceptual model for the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study”, BioScience, vol. 54, p. 139-148, 2004.
T. J. Fahey, J. B. Yavitt, R. E. Sherman, P. M. Groffman, and G. Wang, “Partitioning of belowground C in young sugar maple forest”, Plant and Soil, vol. 367, no. 1-2, p. 379 - 389, 2013.
A. J. Gold, P. A. Jacinthe, P. M. Groffman, and R. H. Puffer, “Patchiness in groundwater nitrate removal in a riparian forest”, J. Environ. Qual., vol. 27, p. 146-155, 1998.
P. A. Jacinthe, P. M. Groffman, A. J. Gold, and A. R. Mosier, “Patchiness in microbial nitrogen transformations in groundwater in a riparian forest”, J. Environ. Qual., vol. 27, p. 156-164, 1998.
E. R. Suárez, T. J. Fahey, J. B. Yavitt, P. M. Groffman, and P. J. Bohlen, “Patterns of litter disappearance in a northern hardwood forest invaded by exotic earthworms”, Ecol. Appl., vol. 16, p. 154-165, 2006.
P. M. Groffman and M. C. Fisk, “Phosphate additions have no effect on microbial biomass and activity in a northern hardwood forest”, Soil Biol. Biochem., vol. 43, p. 2441-2449, 2011.
S. Duan, S. S. Kaushal, P. M. Groffman, L. E. Band, and K. T. Belt, “Phosphorus export across an urban to rural gradient in the Chesapeake Bay watershed”, J. Geophys. Res - Biogeosciences, vol. 117, 2012.
T. L. E. Trammell, et al., “Plant nitrogen concentration and isotopic composition in residential lawns across seven US cities”, Oecologia, vol. 181, no. 1, p. 271 - 285, 2016.
P. M. Groffman and C. L. Turner, “Plant productivity and nitrogen gas fluxes in tallgrass prairie”, Landscape Ecol., vol. 10, p. 255-266, 1995.
D. A. Frank and P. M. Groffman, “Plant rhizospheric N processes: what we don't know and why we should care”, Ecology, vol. 90, 2009.
P. J. Bohlen, P. M. Groffman, T. J. Fahey, C. T. Driscoll, and T. G. Siccama, “Plant-soil-microbial interactions in a northern hardwood forest”, Ecology, vol. 82, p. 965-978, 2001.
J. E. Hickman, K. L. Tully, P. M. Groffman, W. Diru, and C. A. Palm, “A potential tipping point in tropical agriculture: Avoiding rapid increases in nitrous oxide fluxes from agricultural intensification in Kenya”, Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, vol. 120, no. 5, p. 938 - 951, 2015.
J. Gao, et al., “Preliminary results from monitoring of stream nitrogen concentrations, denitrification, and nitrification potentials in an urbanizing watershed in Xiamen, southeast China”, International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, vol. 20, no. 3, p. 223 - 230, 2013.


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