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Unit Plan: Who Eats What? Lesson: 7 Time: Session 1 (40 min) and Session 2 (40 min) Setting: Classroom Objectives:

Students sort items into food and non-food categories, then play a game to get enough food - nutrients and energy - to support six ecosystem organisms.


Students will be able to:
- understand that all living things need nutrients and energy
- know that food is a substance that porvides both nutrients and energy
- realize that nutrients alone don't contain useable energy
- realize that their bodies are made of the same substances that food is made of because food becomes part of the body - you are what you eat!
- know that nutrients cycle in an ecosystem, whereas energy eventually is lost as heat
- know that plants get energy form sunlight and nutrients from soil, and animals get them both from their food


Session 1
For the class:

  • various food and non-food items:  FOOD - peanuts, sugar, flour, beef jerky, potato chips, candy, vegetables, fruit, bread, oatmeal, apple juice, grass or leaves, and insect or other small critter.      NON_FOOD - salt, water, potting soil, sand, rock, metal, sugar-free vitamin pills, fertilizer.
  • pair of safety glasses
  • pair of tweezers
  • match or lighter
  • small cup of water


Session 2
For each group of 6 students:

  • set of 6 "Organism Sheets"
  • set of "Game Cards"
  • copy of "Game Rules"
Lesson Files:
Benchmarks for Science Literacy: 5E Flow of Matter and Energy 6E Physical Health NYS Standards: MST 1 - Mathematical analysis, scientific inquiry, and engineering design MST 4- Physical setting, living environment and nature of science

Hogan, Kathleen. Eco-Inquiry: A Guide to Ecological Learning Experiences for the Upper Elementary/Middle Grades. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, PO Box 1840, 4050 Westmark Drive, Dubuque, IA 52004-1840., 1994.